Firearms and ammunition training includes not only methods of instruction but also imparting to the user/shooter enough information to enable safe use of the firearm. This leads to advanced training of the shooter such he can extract the maximum capabilities in terms of range, volume of fire, and terminal effect. Included within this is training for specific disciplines, such as skeet shooting at the Olympics, but also for correct reaction in a crisis situation.
Training includes not only the use of the firearm, but also the training to keep a weapons system in proper condition to safely fulfill its role. LTC Alphin’s skill as a Firearms and Ammunition Training Expert came into play as part of the 4 Sailors case. This skill also contributed to major changes concerning the 105mm L/52, M-68 gun mounted on the M-60 family of tanks (see below).